Does Muscle Fatigue Alter EEG Bands of Brain Hemispheres?

Sh Taghizadeh, S Pirouzi, A Zamani, A Motealleh, Z Bagheri

Abstract


Background: Muscle fatigue has been known to influence brain activity, but very little is known about how cortical centers respond to muscle fatigue.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of muscle contraction and fatigue induced by two different percent of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) on Electroencephalography (EEG) signals.

Methods: EEG signals were recorded from twenty-one healthy human subjects during three phases (rest, pre fatigue and post fatigue) contraction of Adductor pollicis muscle (APM) at 30% and 70% MVC. The mean powers of EEG bands (alpha, beta and gamma) were computed offline in the frequency domain.

Results: None of the three phases with each percent of MVC revealed significant differences for all bands (p>0.05). Comparison of two hemispheres showed right hemisphere gamma band activity was enhanced during pre-fatigue state at 30% MVC (p= 0.042) and post-fatigue state at 70% MVC (p= 0.028). Right hemisphere beta band activity also increased prominently at 70% MVC in post-fatigue condition (p = 0.030).

Conclusion: These results suggest muscle contraction and fatigue at 30% and 70% MVC have no significant effect on EEG activity, but the trends of beta and gamma band activities are almost similar in each percent of 30% and 70% MVC. Right brain hemisphere shows more activity than left hemisphere in beta and gamma rhythm after fatigue state at 70% MVC.


Keywords


Electroencephalography (EEG), Maximal Voluntary Contraction (MVC), Alpha Band, Beta Band, Gamma Band

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22086/jbpe.v0i0.621

eISSN: 2251-7200        JBPE NLM ID: 101589641

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                                                                        Chairman and Editor in Chief

                                                                              Dr. Alireza Mehdizadeh

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.

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